Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Sadiqah Dawlatabadi

b. 1882 or 1883 Isfahan
d. 28 July 1961 Qulhak (Tehran)

Sadiqah Dawlatabadi, the seventh child of Khatimah Baygum (d. 1905) and Haj Mirza Hadi (1832-1908), was born in 1882 in Isfahan. At the age of twenty, she married Iʻtizad al-Hukama. In 1921, her marriage ended. Sadiqah Dawlatabadi died of cancer on 28 July 1961 and was buried in a small cemetery in the Qulhak area of Tehran.

Sadiqah Dawlatabadi, the seventh child of Khatimah Baygum (d.1905) and Haj Mirza Hadi (1832-1908), was born in 1882 in Isfahan. She learned Arabic and Farsi under the instruction of Shaykh Muhammad Rafiʻ Tari, and studied other subjects with private tutors. At the age of twenty, she married Iʻtizad al-Hukama, which ended in divorce in 1921. When Sadiqah Dawlatabadi’s mother became sick and bedridden, Haj Mirza Hadi, her father, married a much younger woman, Marziyah (1894-1976), who was known within the family as Munis Agha. From this marriage, two other daughters were born: Fakhr Taj (1907-1983), and Qamar Taj (1908-1992). Upon the death of Haj Mirza Hadi, Sadiqah Dawlatabadi took on the responsibility of raising her two sisters Fakhr Taj and Qamar Taj. In 1917, Sadiqah Dawlatabadi established an all-girls school in Isfahan, Maktabkhanah-i Shar‘iat. A year later, she founded Shirkat-i Khavatin-i Isfahan. In 1919, the Ministry of Culture granted her permission to publish Zaban-i Zanan. First published in Isfahan, the periodical was later banned by the Isfahan government for expressing opposition to 1919 treaty of Vusuq al-Dawlah. Sadiqah Dawlatabadi then moved to Tehran and resumed publication of Zaban-i Zanan. In 1923, Sadiqah Dawlatabadi traveled to Switzerland and Germany via Kirmanshah, Baghdad, Beirut, and Syria to receive medical treatment for kidney ailments. After a few months, she left Berlin for Paris, where she continued to receive medical care while also pursuing her education. She first studied at the International Alliance School and then at the College Feminin. After three years, she graduated with a bachelor’s degree from Sorbonne University. In 1926 (May 30th to June 6th) she represented the Society of Patriotic Women of Iran in the 10th Congress for the International Alliance for Women's Suffrage and in early 1928 she returned to Iran. Soon after, she was appointed as the overseer of women's education at the Ministry of Education, Endowment, and Fine Arts and the following year became supervisor of girls’ schools in Iran. In 1936, after Hajar Tarbiyat, she became the head of Kanun-i Banuvan and in December 1942 started the publication of the third series of Zaban-i Zanan. In 1947, she returned to Europe for medical treatment and participated in the Congress of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Sadiqah Dawlatabadi died of cancer on 28 July 1961 and was buried in a small cemetery in the Qulhak area of Tehran. Close

مهدخت صنعتی و افسانه نجم آبادی، صدیقه دولت‌آبادی:‌نامه‌ها، نوشته‌ها و یادها، ، جلد ۱ و ۲ و ۳، انتشارات نگرش و نگارش زن: شیکاگو، ۱۳۷۷. "DAWLATĀBĀDĪ, ṢEDDĪQA,"http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/dawlatabadi-seddiqa Close

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