Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Taj al-Muluk Umm al-Khaqan

b. 1886 or 1887 Tehran
d. November or December 1909 Karbala’

Taj al-Muluk Umm al-Khaqan, was the daughter of Malik Zadah Khanum ʻIzzat al-Dawlah (sister of Nasir al-Din Shah) and Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan Amir Kabir. She married her cousin, Muzaffar al-Din Mirza, in 1862 and went to Tabriz in 1867. They had three children: Muhammad ʻAli Mirza, Ahmad Mirza, and Fatimah Khanum ʻIzzat al-Saltanah (ʻIzzat al-Dawlah). They divorced in 1876. Taj al-Muluk Umm al-Khaqan was married two other times, first to Mirza Ibrahim Khan Muʻtamad al-Saltanah and then to Mirza ʻAli Khan Nasir al-Saltanah, who died in 1905. In 1909, Taj al-Muluk died in Qasr-i Shirin on her way to Karbalaʼ. She was buried next to her father, Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, in Karbalaʼ.

Taj al-Muluk Umm al-Khaqan, was the daughter of Malik Zadah Khanum ʻIzzat al-Dawlah (sister of Nasir al-Din Shah) and Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan Amir Kabir. In 1869 (or 1870), she went to Kashan along with her mother and her deposed father.. After Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan's murder, she returned to Tehran along with her mother and her sister, Hamdam al-Muluk. Their grandmother, Mahd-i ʻUlya, took the responsibility of raising these two granddaughters. In 1862 she was married to her cousin, Muzaffar al-Din Mirza, who was ten at the time. After a splendid weddig ceremony she went to Tabriz in 1867. They had three children: Muhammad ʻAli Mirza, Ahmad Mirza, and Fatimah Khanum ʻIzzat al-Saltanah (ʻIzzat al-Dawlah). The conflict between Taj al-Muluk and her husband led to their divorce in 1876. Taj al-Muluk Umm al-Khaqan married two other times. Her second marriage was with Mirza Ibrahim Khan Muʻtamad al-Saltanah and after their divorce, she married Mirza ʻAli Khan Nasir al-Saltanah, who died in 1905. In 1909, Taj al-Muluk died in Qasr-i Shirin on her way to Karbalaʼ. She was buried next to her father, Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, in Karbalaʼ. Close

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