Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Maʻayib al-rijal [Vices of men]

Maʻayib al-rijal [Vices of men]

Ma‘ayib al-rijal [Vices of Men], written by Bibi Khanum Astarabadi (1858 or 59-1921) in 1894, first published in 1992. Vices of Men was Bibi Khanum’s response to Ta’dib al-niswan [Disciplining Women], also known as Ta’dib al-nisa’, a male-centered, often misogynous text in the tradition of satirical books of advice to men about how to treat their wives and train their daughters. This text begins autobiographically with Bibi Khanum explaining her social and educational background. The text is composed of two sections; the first is a direct wittily angry response to Disciplining Women. The second part is addressed to other women (“my sisters,” as she calls them) and is her advice and warnings about men, in particular as husbands. This copy was written by Mirza Sayyid Abu al-Qasim, son of Mirza Sayyid Jaʻfar.

Item Details

  • Creator Bibi Khanum Astarabadi
  • Date 11 November 1896
  • Dimensions 14 x 21 cm
  • Collections Malek National Library and Museum Institute
  • Repository Malek National Library and Museum Institute, Tehran, Iran (Manuscript number 6927)
  • Restrictions Use of documents, for research and teaching purposes, must specify the original location; for any commercial use, the user must obtain permission directly from the Malek Library, through info@malekmuseum.com
  • Accessed 20 August 2012
  • Last Edited 3 October 2012
  • Record no. 904A5
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