Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Ma‘ayib al-rijal [Vices of men]

Ma‘ayib al-rijal [Vices of men]

Ma‘ayib al-rijal [Vices of Men], written by Bibi Khanum Astarabadi (1858 or 59-1921) in 1894, first published in 1992. Vices of Men was Bibi Khanum’s response to Ta’dib al-niswan [Disciplining Women], also known as Ta’dib al-nisa’, a male-centered, often misogynous text in the tradition of satirical books of advice to men about how to treat their wives and train their daughters. This text begins autobiographically with Bibi Khanum explaining her social and educational background. The text is composed of two sections; the first is a direct wittily angry response to Disciplining Women. The second part is addressed to other women (“my sisters,” as she calls them) and is her advice and warnings about men, in particular as husbands.

Additional copies of the text are located in: Hafez Farmanfarmayan’s Library, Microfilm No. 2203, Tehran University Central Library; Malek National Library and Museum Institution, Manuscript No. 6297; and Golestan Library.

Item Details

  • Creator Bibi Khanum Astarabadi
  • Date 1894 or 1895
  • Dimensions 20.5 x 26.5 cm
  • Collections Majlis Library, Museum and Document Center
  • Repository Majlis Library, Museum and Document Center (MS. 8984)
  • Restrictions Use of collection materials for publication purposes must cite Majlis Library, Museum and Document Center (Tehran, Iran) as current repository. Use of material for commercial purposes is contingent upon acquiring the Repository's permission.
  • Accessed 14 February 2012
  • Last Edited 26 March 2013
  • Record no. 1018A17
  •