Fakhr al-Muluk (Baygum Jan Khanum) was the first child of Galin Khanum and Nasir al-Din Shah, and Nasir al-Din Shah's first daughter. She was born in 1846 (or 1847) in Tabriz while her father was still the crown prince. On the maternal line, Fakhr al-Muluk was the grandchild of Ahmad ʻAli Mirza (Fath ʻAli Shah's 19th son). In 1863 (or 1864) she married Muhammad Mahdi Khan Iʻtizad al-Dawlah (the son of Mirza Muhammad Khan Sipahsalar Qajar). They had five children: Galin Khanum Afsar al-Dawlah, ʻAbbas Khan Iʻtizad al-Dawlah, Fathʻali Khan Sipahsalar, Muhammad Khan Jalal al-Saltanah, and Husayn Khan Iʻtizad al-Mulk. Fakhr al-Muluk was a poet and her pen name was Fakhri. Every year she wrote a poem for her father's (Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar) birthday. She died on 11 March 1894.
دايرة المعارف زن ایرانی (جلد دو) به سرپرستی مصطفی اجتهادی، مرکز امور مشارکت زنان ریاست جمهوری، چاپ اول ۱۳۸۲. رکوعی، عزت الله . دوله ها و سلطنه ها در دوره قاجار. تهران: کیوان، ۱۳۸۹. رجبی، محمدحسن. مشاهیر زنان ایرانی و پارسی گوی ، از آغاز تا مشروطه. تهران: سروش، ۱۳۷۴.