Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Family portrait

Family portrait

Back row, from left: Midhat al-Zaman, Badi‘ al-Muluk (‘Afifah), Latifah, Taj al-Muluk (Madam Jan), ‘Iffat, Nusrat Allah, Farkhondeh, and Davud; front row (children): Sasan (son of Gawhar al-Muluk and ʻAdil al-Dawlah), Khusraw (son of Badi‘ al-Muluk), Humayun Taj (daughter of Latifah), Qamar al-Muluk (daughter of Latifah), and Minu Javan (daughter of Gawhar al-Muluk and ʻAdil al-Dawlah); Midhat al-Zaman, Fakhr al-Muluk, and Davud were children of Taj al-Muluk and Badi‘ al-Saltanah and Badi‘ al-Muluk, Latifah, ‘Iffat, Nusrat Allah, and Farkhondeh were children of ‘Alaviyah Khanum and Badi‘ al-Saltanah. According to Afsaneh Najmabadi, this photograph was taken in the home of her maternal family, located in Hasanabad, a neighborhood of Tehran.