Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Khadijah Sultan Khanum with her children and grandchildren

Khadijah Sultan Khanum with her children and grandchildren

Pictured from the left, in the back row, are: Zahra Sultan ‘Izzat al-Saltanah, Muhammad Taqi Nizam Mafi, Ma‘sumah Nizam Mafi, and Muhammad ‘Ali Nizam Mafi; in the middle row: Pari Nizam Mafi (daughter of Ruqiyah Khanum and Muhammad Taqi Khan), ‘Izzat al-Muluk Farmanfarma’iyan (daughter of Zahra Sultan and ‘Abbas Mirza Salar Lashkar), Khadijah Sultan Khanum (seated), Sadiq and Manizhah Nizam Mafi (children of Ruqiyah Khanum and Muhammad Taqi Khan); and in the front row: Taj al-Muluk and Huma Farmanfarma’iyan (daughter of Zahra Sultan and ‘Abbas Mirza). Zahra Sultan, Muhammad Taqi, Ma‘sumah, and Muhammad ‘Ali were children of Khadijah Sultan and Riza Quli Nizam al-Saltanah.