Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Shams al-Dawlah

Shams al-Dawlah was the second child of Galin Khanum (daughter of Amir Khan Qajar Davallu Sardar) and Ahmad Mirza ʻAzud al-Dawlah (the 48th child of Fath ʻAli Shah Qajar). She was the only daughter of the family and had three brothers: Sultan ʻAbd al-Muhammad Mirza Sayf al-Dawlah, Vajih Allah Mirza Sipahsalar, and Sultan ʻAbd al-Majid Mirza ʻAyn al-Dawlah. Shams al-Dawlah was one of the temporary (sighah) wives of Nasir al-Din Shah and had no children. After Nasir al-Din Shah's death, Shams al-Dawlah, along with other members of the Nasiri harem, left the andarun. She lived in Iran until 1900, when she left to live near the shrines of Shiʻi Imams in Iraq. The date of her death is unknown.

Shams al-Dawlah was the second child of Galin Khanum (daughter of Amir Khan Qajar Davallu Sardar) and Ahmad Mirza ʻAzud al-Dawlah (the 48th child of Fath ʻAli Shah Qajar). She was the only daughter of the family and had three brothers: ʻAbd al-Muhammad Mirza Sayf al-Dawlah, Vajih Allah Mirza Sipahsalar, and ʻAbd al-Majid Mirza ʻAyn al-Dawlah. Shams al-Dawlah was one of the temporary wives of Nasir al-Din Shah and had no children. Her younger brother, Aqa Vajih, joined the court as a young adolescent [ghulam-bachchah] courtier. Her father was also respected by Nasir al-Din Shah. Shams al-Dawlah and Nasir al-Din Shah had a dispute about ʻAziz al-Sultan (Malijak). The shah was so angry that he wanted to expel her from the court, but Anis al-Dawlah's mediation stopped him. After Nasir al-Din Shah's death, Muzaffar al-Din Shah came to Tehran along with his courtiers. His overseer, ʻAyn al-Dawlah (the younger brother of Shams al-Dawlah), was one of the opponents of Mirza ʻAli Asghar Khan Atabak (Amin al-Sultan). Shams al-Dawlah, too, became one of Amin al-Sultan's opponents to the extent that she endorsed people who believed Amin al-Sultan had a role in the murder of Nasir al-Din Shah. After Nasir al-Din Shah's death, Shams al-Dawlah and other members of the Nasiri harem were removed from the andarun. She lived in Iran until 1900, when she left to live near the holy shrines of Shiʻi Imams in Iraq. The date of her death is unknown. The village of Shams Abad in the Damavand region belonged to her. Among her writings is the book of Muntakhab al-Shams, which includes prayers and descriptions of religious rituals. Close

http://www.iichs.org/index.asp?id=1283&doc_cat=9. اعتمادالسلطنه، محمدحسن خان. روزنامه خاطرات اعتمادالسلطنه. به کوشش ایرج افشار. تهران: امیرکبیر، ۱۳۵۶. معیرالممالک، محمدحسن خان. رجال عصر ناصری. تهران، نشرتاریخ ایران، ۱۳۶۱. افضل الملک، غلامحسین. سفرنامه مازندران و وقایع مشروطه. به کوشش حسین صمدی. قائم شهر: دانشگاه آزاداسلامی قائم شهر، ۱۳۷۳. Close

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