Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran

Munir al-Muluk Jahandari

b. 1899 or 1900 Tehran
d. 1975 or 1976 Shahr-i Ray

Munir al-Muluk Jahandari (Ahmadi) was born in 1899 or 1900 in Tehran. Her mother was Shazdah Vali and her father was Sayf al-Muluk (Muʻtazid Huzur). At 17, Munir al-Muluk married her cousin, Rukn al-Din Ahmadi (Intisar al-Saltanah -- 1893-1970), son of Shams al-Din. They had two children: Kurus Ahmadi (1920-1993) and Parvin Ahmadi (1926-1984). Munir al-Muluk died on December 10, 1975, and was buried in the Ahmadi family mausoleum along with her husband and brother in Imamzadah ʻAbd Allah in Shahr-i Ray.

Munir al-Muluk Jahandari (Ahmadi) was born in 1899 or 1900 in Tehran. Her mother was Shazdah Vali and her father was Sayf al-Muluk (Muʻtazid Huzur). After her mother's death, Sayf al-Mulk married Akhtar al-Muluk Matin. From these two marriages, he had 10 children. Munir al-Muluk had four sisters and five brothers. At 17, Munir al-Muluk married her cousin, Rukn al-Din Ahmadi (Intisar al-Saltanah -- 1893-1970), son of Shams al-Din, who worked at the Ministry of Finance and the railroad department. After retirement, he spent his time farming and gardening. Munir al-Muluk accompanied her husband on his work trips and, after several years of living in Shiraz and Mashhad, returned to Tehran in 1941. They had two children: Kurus Ahmadi (1920-1993) and Parvin Ahmadi (1926-1984). In 1943 Parvin married Muhammad Ashrafi and they had four children: Afsanah (born in 1945), Rukhsarah (born in 1950), Bihruz (born in 1954), and Babak (born in 1966). Kurus Ahmadi never married. In their 54 years of marriage, Munir al-Muluk and her husband accompanied one another in everything, from work and travel to parties and gardening. Every morning they exercised along to a radio sport program together. Munir al-Muluk was kind to family members, helped those in need, and was religious. She was progressive, interested in music, reading magazines, sports and hiking, and loved nature and gardening. She was one of the first women who cut her hair short after the edict for removal of the veil [1936] and wore fashionable clothes but disliked luxury and appreciated a simple life. In May 12, 1970 Munir al-Muluk's husband and her brother, Jahangir Jahandari, died of heart attacks, one after the other. The two tragic incidents traumatized Munir al-Muluk and resulted in a stroke a few days later. The stroke left Munir al-Muluk paralyzed and unable to move and talk. She was in a sickbed for six years, during which her daughter, Parvin Ahmadi, took care of her. She died on December 10, 1975, and was buried in the Ahmadi family mausoleum along with her husband and brother in Imamzadah ʻAbd Allah in Shahr-i Ray. Close

This biography is an edited version of a short biography of Munir al-Muluk Jahandari, written by Afsanah and Rukhsarah Ashrafi. Close

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